Three Causes of Lumbar Spine Pain

March 29, 2019
by Ortho Spine America | Medical

Lumbar spine pain affects many people. While it would be great if there were simply a cure-all, the reality is that managing pain can be tricky. Identifying your specific cause is a vital first step, so today, we will be discussing three common causes of pain in the lumbar area.

Lumbar Radiculopathy

The first issue we will discuss is lumbar radiculopathy. This is a condition which occurs when the nerves of the lower back are pressed upon, resulting in shooting pain and a tingling sensation. In addition to pain in the lumbar spine, this condition can result in a number of other symptoms, including:

  • Pain in the legs
  • Muscle weakness
  • Reduced mobility

This condition is often best treated with physical therapy, though surgery may be required in serious cases.

Herniated disc

A herniated disc occurs when the tissue between your vertebrae pops out of place. When this happens to the lumbar spine, it can be quite painful in and of itself. That being, the disc can also press into the surrounding nerves, causing radiculopathy as well. Common causes of a disc herniation include:

  • Sudden injury
  • Repetitive movements
  • Heavy lifting

Similar to the treatment for radiculopathy, herniated discs can often be managed via physical therapy. That said, surgery is required in some cases, though it should be viewed as a last resort.

Facet Joint Syndrome

The third and final cause of lumbar pain we will discuss is facet joint syndrome. This syndrome occurs when the bones of the spine become locked in place, resulting in reduced mobility and pain. It is frequent for facet joint syndrome to occur in older people, as it is very often the result of a degenerative disease. 

Facet joint syndrome is recognized as a type of osteoarthritis. As such, its symptoms will mirror those of arthritis in any other joint.

Treatment for FJS ranges from physical therapy to medication to surgery. While there is no way to entirely reverse FJS, it can be managed quite well provided the patient receives a thoughtful and intelligent treatment plan. 

To learn more about these three types of lumbar spine pain, check out the full article. 


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